Location: BR-RS - Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul
This dataset represents the interventions associated with the clear-cutting of primary forest for the provision of arable land tenure, annual crop. NPP (net primary productivity of a given land, in kg C / m2 and year) and VEG (above-ground biomass, below-ground biomass and dead organic matter) values are parameterized.
VEG values and production volumes are derived from the Appendix S1 and S2 of Novaes et al. 2017. The most updated data is available in www.cnpma.embrapa.br/forms/BRLUC.php. In this reference, VEG values of primary forests and grassland were estimated based in Brazil, 2016 and croplands, pasture man made and forest intensive VEG values based in European Commission, 2010 and weighted according to climate categories occurrence per state. NPP values are reported by Haberl et al. (2007) and the average value for Latin America is adopted. The types of exchanges and their emission factors are the same from land transformations datasets 'clear-cutting, primary forest to arable land, annual crop, BR, 2010 - 2015' and 'land already in use, annual cropland to annual crop, BR, 2010 - 2015' available in Ecoinvent database (Rossi, 2017a,b), which in turn were retrieved from Andrea & Merlet (2001).
Bibliography is listed below:
- Andrea, M.O., Merlet, P. (2001). Emission of trace gases and aerosols from biomass burning. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. V 15, N4, p.955-966.
- Brazil (2016). Third National Communication of Brazil to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change âEURO“ Volume III. Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation, BrasÃlia.
- European Commission (2010) Comission decision of 10 June 2010 on guidelines for the calculation of land carbon stocks for the purpose of Annex V to Directive 2009/28/EC. European Union, Brussels.
- Haberl H, Erb KH, Krausmann F, Gaube V, Bondeau A, Plutzar C, Gingrich S, Lucht W, Fischer-Kowalski M. 2007. Quantifying and mapping the human appropriation of net primary production in earth's terrestrial ecosystems. PNAS. v104 n31: 12942-12947.
- Jungbluth, N. et al. (2007) Life Cycle Inventories of Bioenergy. ecoinvent report No. 17. Dubendorf, CH: Swiss Centre for Life Cycle Inventories.
- Krausmann, F., Erb, K. H., Gingrich, S., Lauk, C., & Haberl, H. (2008). Global patterns of socioeconomic biomass flows in the year 2000: A comprehensive assessment of supply, consumption and constraints. Ecological Economics, 65(3), 471-487.
- Novaes RML, Pazianotto RA, Brandao M, Alves BJR, May A, Folegatti-Matsuura MIS. 2017. Estimating 20-year landuse change and derived CO2 emissions associated with crops, pasture and forestry in Brazil and each of its 27 states. Glob Change Biol. 23:3716âEURO“3728 .doi.org/10.1111/gcb.13708
- Rossi V, 2017a, clear-cutting, primary forest to arable land, annual crop, BR, Undefined, ecoinvent database version 3.3. Accessed in September, 2017
- Rossi V, 2017b, land already in use, annual cropland to annual crop, annual crop, BR, Undefined, ecoinvent database version 3.3. Accessed in September, 2017
Undefined unit processes (UPRs) are the unlinked, multi-product activity datasets that form the basis for all of the system models available in the ecoinvent database. This is the way the datasets are obtained and entered into the database by the data providers. These activity datasets are useful for investigating the environmental impacts of a specific activity (gate-to-gate), without regard to its upstream or downstream impacts.