electricity production, wind, 1-3MW turbine, onshore, UPR, ecoinvent 3.6, Allocation, cut-off
Reference product: electricity, high voltage [kWh]
Location: CN-QH - China, Qinghai (青海)
This dataset represents the production of high voltage electricity at onshore grid-connected wind power plants with a capacity between 1 (excluded) and 3 (included) MW in China - Qinghai in 2012. It includes operation and maintenance expenditures as well as infrastructure inputs. Wind load hours have been adapted to local conditions (see parameters).
At the moment, the class of onshore 1-3MW wind turbines is approximated with a 2 MW onshore wind turbine consisting of the infrastructure datasets for the 'wind turbine construction' and the 'network connection construction'. The wind turbine's parts are defined to be everything except for the network connection, i.e. rotor, nacelle, tower, and foundation.
According to The Wind Power Database (2014), total installed wind capacity on-and offshore in China - Qinghai in the end of 2014 amounted to 65268.61 MW. Out of it, 1.9% were installed offshore, which are modelled with a 2 MW wind turbine. Percentages of the three onshore wind power plant classes modelled in ecoinvent referring to the total installed capacity (725 windfarms by 12/2014): <1MW 15.5%; 1-3MW 44.8%; >3MW 37.8% [Retreived from The Wind Power. 2014. Wind power and wind farms database. www.thewindpower.net, Status December 2014]. Values are valid for TOTAL China, not for this specific province. The offshore plants are located in the provinces Jiangsu, Liaoning, Shanghai, Guangdong and Shandong.
[This dataset is meant to replace the following datasets:]
[This dataset has been generated using the system model "Allocation, cut-off by classification". A system model describes how activity datasets are linked to form product systems. The allocation cut-off system model subdivides multi-product activities by allocation, based on a physical properties, economic, mass or other properties. By-products of waste treatment processes are cut-off, as are all by-products classified as recyclable. Markets in this model include all activities in proportion to their current production volume.
Version 3 of the ecoinvent database offers three system models to choose from. For more information, please visit: https://www.ecoinvent.org/database/system-models-in-ecoinvent-3/system-models-in-ecoinvent-3.html)]
Technology of a 2MW Vestas V80 wind power plant modelled with a dataset for the wind turbine (moving+fixed parts) and a network connection each.
See dataset 'wind turbine construction, 2MW, onshore' for detailed technical information.