sodium hypochlorite production, product in 15% solution state, UPR, ecoinvent 3.6, Undefined

Categories:
ISIC4 categories:
C:Manufacturing/20:Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products/201:Manufacture of basic chemicals, fertilizers and nitrogen compounds, plastics and synthetic rubber in primary forms/2011:Manufacture of basic chemicals
Location:
RER - Europe
Reference year: 1997 - 2000
Description

Location: RER - Europe
This dataset represents the production of 1 kg of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) from chlorine emissions captured in a 50% sodium hydroxide solution. Sodium hypochlorite is an inorganic compound which takes the form of a pale yellow-greenish liquid with a chlorine odor. It is used primarily for household sanitizing and bleaching solutions as well as for water treatment (pools).
The inventory is based on literature data and estimations.
References:
Althaus H.-J., Chudacoff M., Hischier R., Jungbluth N., Osses M. and Primas A. (2007) Life Cycle Inventories of Chemicals. Final report ecoinvent data v2.0 No. 8. Swiss Centre for Life Cycle Inventories, Dübendorf, CH.
Undefined unit processes (UPRs) are the unlinked, multi-product activity datasets that form the basis for all of the system models available in the ecoinvent database. This is the way the datasets are obtained and entered into the database by the data providers. These activity datasets are useful for investigating the environmental impacts of a specific activity (gate-to-gate), without regard to its upstream or downstream impacts.

Technology

NaOCl is prepared by reacting a dilute caustic soda solution with liquid or gaseous chlorine. The reaction mixture is cooled, as the reaction is exothermic. The reaction is the following:
Cl2 + 2 NaOH -> NaOCl + NaCl + H2O
The resulting solution is stabilized by adjusting the pH-value. The yield is nearly 100% of the theoretical value based on chlorine, according to industry sources.

Process type
Unit
Supported nomenclature
ecoinvent 3.6
LCI modeling approach
Before modeling
Multifunctional modeling
NONE
Format
ECOSPOLD2
Aggregation type
NOT_APPLICABLE
Data provider
ecoinvent
Review status
External
Cost
For sale
License

ecoinvent EULA

Contact
support@ecoinvent.org