Vegetable Production ; Agricultural Inputs (Greenhouse)

Unit processes/Materials production/Agricultural production means
Reference year: 2012 - 2013

The study area is the suburb of Xi 'an, Shaanxi Province. The total annual solar radiation in this area is 4.81 MJ·m-2, the annual sunshine duration is 2163.8 h, the annual average temperature is 12.9 °C, the average precipitation is 630 mm, the average evaporation is 884 mm, and the frost-free period is 221 days. The solar greenhouse in this area belongs to the structure of earth wall and steel frame, and the vegetables are mainly tomatoes, and the farming method of planting two crops of tomatoes a year is used. Plastic greenhouses belong to steel frame structure, generally planting melons in early spring, and planting tomatoes in autumn. In this study, 10 solar greenhouses (all 6 m× 90 m) and 5 plastic greenhouses (all 9 m×110 m) were selected as research objects to investigate the material consumption in the construction and daily operation of solar greenhouses and plastic greenhouses. The input and output of tomato and watermelon production from July 2012 to June 2013 were recorded in detail. During this period, two crops of tomatoes were planted in each of the 10 solar temperature rooms, covering the shed in July 2012, planting in mid-August, harvesting in mid-November, pulling seedlings in mid-January and late 2013, planting the second crop of tomatoes in early February, harvesting began in early April and mid-mid-June, and the final harvest was in mid-late June. Five plastic greenhouses planted melons in mid-to-late March, harvested in mid-to-late May, pulled seedlings in mid-to-late June, planted tomatoes in mid-July, harvested in mid-to-late September, and pulled seedlings in late November. Soil disinfection and tilling should be carried out before planting. Organic fertilizer and phosphate fertilizer should be applied before planting. Topdressing fertilizer should be applied along with irrigation water, which is deep well water. When using this dataset, ensure accurate representation of the regional practices and inputs for the four specified vegetable types. Consider the methodological framework necessary for NGHGE calculation as provided in the references and be mindful of the system boundaries focused on the entire production process. Note that data from Taiwan is not included in the dataset. Assess the technological variability and any emission reduction measures analyzed within the dataset for applicability in other contexts.


The data were obtained as averages from 10 solar greenhouses and 5 plastic greenhouses. Based on the typical service life of construction materials, the consumption of building materials and energy for constructing solar greenhouses and plastic greenhouses were calculated as the equivalent of one year of usage. The service life was assumed to be 15 years for general building materials, 5 years for PVC water pipes, 1 year for greenhouse films (3 years for plastic greenhouses), and 3 years for the anti-cold films (skirt films of plastic greenhouses). The annual consumption of building materials for plastic greenhouses was evenly allocated to tomatoes and watermelons.

Process type
LCI modeling approach
Multifunctional modeling
Aggregation type
Data provider
Review status
Tiangong LCI Data Working Group